Finer details are still being studied, but the alarm bells began to sound after Irish leader Leo Varadkar suggested he would try to reject the deal. French President Emmanuel Macron followed on Friday (August 23rd) with a violent attack. To boost beef producers, Tánaiste Leo Varadkar has indicated that he will not bring the trade agreement with Mercosur to be ratified in Dáil, either this year or in the foreseeable future. The agreement, if adopted by the European Union, would allow, among other things, free trade in beef between the EU and the Mercosur countries, namely Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil. In addition, international frameworks such as the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) were clearly neglected when developing the agreement, the study says. “Before ratifying this agreement, I think we need to agree on a number of safeguards that strengthen environmental protection, especially with regard to the Amazon rainforest and climate protection,” Varadkar told the Farming Independent. “These guarantees could be implemented as part of a final agreement with Mercosur. Other nations, including France and Ireland, have expressed reservations about the agreement. The agreement must be voted unanimously in the Council, which must then be voted on by the European Parliament, followed by subsequent ratification by all Member States. Michael Creed, Minister of Agriculture: “The EU-Mercosur trade agreement is a very comprehensive trade agreement, but a particular aspect of this agreement, which allows Mercosur countries to deliver 99,000 tonnes of beef to the EU market, is a very significant disadvantage for us.”